everest base camp elevation and altitude profile guide

The first thing that comes to mind when you look for trekking to Everest is,”What is the altitude where I will be traveling to?” This is a question that you should ask yourself to know about the geography of the region as well as the preparation that you are going to undertake to have a good trek.

Well, one thing is for sure that the altitude profile is fully dependent on the travel packages that you undertake. Your actual trek will start generally from the Lukla airport, which is located at an altitude of 2800 meters.

If you are thinking of climbing the Everest itself, you will at the top of the highest peak on the Earth i.e. 8848 meters. But a trekker to the Base Camp doesn’t have to climb that high. In fact, the Base Camp is located at an altitude of 5365 meters.

The weather of the places that you will encounter along the way will depend on the altitude. The lower altitude regions are relatively warm when compared to the higher altitude regions. So the wind in the lower altitude regions seems to be harmless too. Also, the seasons which you decide to trek will determine the temperature.

In this article, I will give you a glimpse of the various trekking routes available in the Everest region and the various altitudes of the places that you are likely to encounter along the way.

Everest Base Camp Different Packages, Elevation and Altitude Profile

1. Everest Heli Trek Altitude profile

A Helicopter trek is perfect for people who want to experience the beauty of trekking without allocating too much time for trekking. This trek also reduces the strain in your body as you won’t have to trek in very high altitudes.

To complete this trek, you will first have to come to the capital city of Kathmandu, which itself is located above the sea-level at an altitude of 1400 meters. Getting around the hills of this city itself will be a very good way to get used to some altitude if you are not used to the altitude.

People who have lived all their lives close to the sea level can go to places like Nagarkot, which is scenic, cool and helps in warming up for the Everest trek.

From Kathmandu, you will fly to an exciting airport in the Everest region called Lukla airport. Lukla is located at an altitude of 2800 meters. From Lukla, you will go to Phakding which is 200 meters lower than Lukla is.

From Phakding you will go to Namche Bazaar. Namche Bazaar, the city-like place you might have seen in movies such as Everest, is located at an altitude of 3441 meters. You will also get a chance to go to Thame and be back to Namche Bazaar. Thame is 3800 meters above the sea level.

From Namche Bazaar, you will have a chance to visit the Base Camp as well as Kala Pathar in a helicopter. And then you will be back to Lukla on your way back to Kathmandu. This means that you will trek for 4 days in the Everest region.

Itinerary and Altitudes of the places along the way

DayPlaceAltitude
01Kathmandu1400 meters
02Kathmandu1400 meters
03Lukla / Phakding2800 meters / 2610 meters
04Namche Bazaar3441 meters
05Namche Bazaar3441 meters
06Thame3800 meters
07Everest Base Camp/ Kala Pathar5365 meters/ 5555 meters
08Kathmandu1400 meters

2. Gokyo Valley Trek Altitude

Gokyo Valley Trek Altitude

If you are looking for something demanding and want to complete your trek in around two weeks, Gokyo valley trek is the one you should look forward to.

Gokyo valley is a wonderful valley in the Everest region which is full of mountains, lakes and beautiful skies. Your trek will start in the same region as the Everest Heli trek. You start from Lukla to Phakding to Namche Bazaar.

After acclimatizing in Namche Bazaar, you will go to Phortse Thanga, at an altitude of 3680 meters. Then you will go to Maccherma, which is 4470 meters high. You should spend a day in each of these places to get accustomed to the climate as well as the altitude of this place.

From Machherma, you will go to the awesome valley of Gokyo. This village is located at the base of the third of the Gokyo lakes called Dudh Pokhari. Gokyo is located at a height of 4790 meters. From here you will go to Gokyo Ri at an altitude of 5483 meters.

From Gokyo Ri, it is possible to see Mt. Everest, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Makalu and Mt. Cho Oyu. All of these peaks are taller than 8000 meters.

From Gokyo Ri, you will trek back to Namche in 2 days time.

Itinerary and Altitudes of the places along the way

DayPlaceAltitude
01Kathmandu1400 meters
02Kathmandu1400 meters
03Lukla / Phakding2800 meters / 2610 meters
04Namche Bazaar3441 meters
05Namche Bazaar3441 meters
06Phortse Thanga3680 meters
07Machherma4470 meters
08Gokyo4790 meters
09Gokyo Ri5483 meters
10Dole4200 meters
11Khumjung Village3780 meters
12Lukla2800 meters
13Kathmandu1400 meters

3. Everest Base Camp with Island Peak Trek Altitude profile

Everest Base Camp with Island Peak Trek Altitude profile

Island peak treks will last for 21 days. This extensive trek should be well prepared for. You will see many places in the Everest region. As with the other two treks above, this trek will start from Lukla to Namche, going through Phakding in between.

From Namche Bazaar, you will go to Tengboche which is located at an altitude of 3860 meters. You will also get to see the Tengboche monastery in this region. This is a monastery that is held in high spiritual regards in the Everest region.

From Tengboche, you will trek to Dingboche. Dingboche is a Sherpa village that is 4350 meters high. From Dingboche will go to Nangkartshang peak which is slightly over 5000 meters i.e. 5083 meters.

Next day you will descend to Lobuche which is 4910 meters and then trek to the Everest Base Camp. Everest Base Camp is located at an altitude of 5365 meters high. From here to Kala Pathar at a height of 5555 meters gives you the best view of the Everest peak.

From here you get to go to another Base Camp which is the Island Peak Base Camp. The island peak has a height similar to the Everest Base camp i.e. 5240 meters. The Island Peak Base Camp is the place from where you go to the Island Peak.

The Island peak will be the highest point that you will reach. The island peak is 6187 meters high. From Island peak, you will get down to the places that you have trekked from all the way to the Lukla airport.

Itinerary and Altitudes of the places along the way

DayPlaceAltitude
01Kathmandu1400 meters
02Kathmandu1400 meters
03Lukla / Phakding2800 meters / 2610 meters
04Namche Bazaar3441 meters
05Namche Bazaar3441 meters
06Tengohe3860 meters
07Dingboche4350 meters
08Nangkartshang Peak5083 meters
09Lobuche4910 meters
10Everest Base Camp5365 meters
11Kala Pathar5555 meters
12Chhukung4710 meters
13Island Peak Base Camp5240 meters
14Island Peak6187 meters
15Chukhung4710 meters
16Tengboche3860 meters
17Namche Bazaar/ Khumjung3441 meters
18Lukla2800 meters
19Lukla2800 meters
20Kathmandu1400 meters

4. Jiri to Everest Base Camp trek

jiri to everest base camp trek altitude profile

As you might have already seen, the treks to Everest can take you to very high altitude depending upon high how high you want to reach to. So acclimatizing is a way of guaranteeing a healthful trip.

And for this, Jiri trek is the best one that you can encounter. This trek will start from Jiri, a place you will drive to from Kathmandu. Jiri is located at an altitude of a mere 1900 meters. From here you will go to Bhandar, which lies at an altitude of 2200 meters. From Bhandar you will go to Sete (2645 meters) to Junbesi (2675 meters) to Nunthala (2440 meters) to Kharikhola (2020 meters) to Puiyan (2700 meters) and finally to Phakding.

For the purpose of rest and acclimatizing, you will have to spend a night at each of these places. From Phakding, you will go to the places mentioned above.

Itinerary and Altitudes of the places along the way

DayPlaceAltitude
01Kathmandu1400 meters
02Kathmandu1400 meters
03Jiri1905 meters
04Bhandar2200 meters
05Sete2645 meters
06Junbesi2675 meters
07Nunthala2440 meters
08Kharikhola2020 meters
09Puiyan2700 meters
10Phakding2646 meters
11Namche Bazaar3441 meters
12Namche Bazaar3441 meters
13Phortse Thanga3680 meters
14Machherma4470 meters
15Gokyo4790 meters
16Gokyo Ri5483 meters
17Thangna4500 meters
18Cho La Pass/ Dzongla5300 / 4710 meters
19Lobuche4910 meters
20Everest Base Camp5365 meters
21Kala Pathar/ Pheriche5555 meters/ 4200 meters
22Lukla2800 meters
23Lukla2800 meters
24Kathmandu1400 meters

Other helpful Information about trekking in Everest Region

Lifestyle

Animal rearing and tourism are the two ways you can earn a livelihood in this region. Therefore life is harsh, as you expect in places that have harsh climatic conditions.

The only way that goods can be transported in this region is by the means of airways. And airfare means high transportation charges in Nepal. So don’t be surprised if you find that the price of food, drinks and other items in this place is slightly higher than you might have encountered in other parts of Nepal.

There native people here are Sherpas, some of the strongest men in Nepal who have survived in such difficult climate.

Culture

As Sherpas dominate this place in terms of the population, it should come as no surprise that their culture has been shaped by Sherpas too.

Besides Sheras, the ever-present Brahmins and Chhetris are also present in the Everest region. This makes the place culturally rich and religiously diverse. The main religion of this region is Tibetan Buddhism.

As this place is near the Tibetan border with China, you expect the religion to be dominated by Buddhism. There are several Buddhist monasteries in this region to see. The most famous of them being the Tengboche Monastery.

Climate

You might say that the Everest is extremely cold and it is definitely true. But the temperatures can be high during the daytime in the summers. In the month, in the time of hot summers, the daytime temperatures can reach as high as 25 degrees.

But the temperatures in the daytime in the summers can reach as low as an average of 8 degrees in January winters. Needless to say, the wintertime temperatures go below the freezing point of water. If the cold gets extreme, the temperature can be as low as -15 degrees.

It is difficult to pinpoint a particular temperature for a day of a month. This is due to the fact that the temperatures in the mountain region are unpredictable due to wind that can blow as hard as 12 mph.

Clothing

Good clothing will come in handy when you are planning for a trek to Everest. Down jackets, water-resistant boots and trousers, moisturizers, winter hats, gloves, socks, trekking poles, anti-theft backpacks, backpack chargers, basic first-aid equipment, water purifying tablets, torch and few backup clothes will be the things that you won’t be able to do without.

Conclusion

There are various ways from which you can go to the Everest region. The length of the trek will depend upon how many places you want to see and how much time you have in hand.The altitude of Everest region is quite high. The fact that it is located above 3000 meters means that you will have to go slow in your treks and give your body enough time to acclimatize. Sleep will be of the utmost importance too.

It is always good to do a background check all the things that are necessary for you to know before undertaking the trek. That way you will be fully prepared for anything that comes along the way and that includes the climatic conditions and altitude too.